Celiac Disease Its Causes And Symptoms

celiac disease

What is Celiac Disease

Celiac Disease

Celiac disease, also known as celiac sprue, gluten-sensitive enteropathy, or nontropical sprue, is an autoimmune disorder that damages the small intestine due to an immune reaction to gliadin (a prolamin found in the protein gluten) in foods. Gluten is found in most grains, including wheat, rye, and barley.

The undigested gliadin is exposed to the intestinal tract where it is taken up by antigen-presenting cells with villous atrophy. The immune system of a person with celiac disease incorrectly flags the transglutaminase enzyme as “foreign” causing an attack on the intestinal tissue that destroys its ability to absorb nutrients into the body. This causes many health problems including anemia due to absorption issues, osteoporosis, bone loss, diarrhea, or constipation among others.

Symptoms of Celiac Disease

Celiac Disease

The symptoms of Celiac disease can be missed or misdiagnosed. The most common symptoms include bloating, abdominal pain, weight loss, diarrhea or constipation, and gas. Some people with Celiac disease experience a delay in the passage of urine and bowel movements. These symptoms occur when gluten is consumed and it alters their gut’s ability to function normally.

Causes of Celiac Disease

People with celiac disease have an autoimmune disorder that results from an intolerance to gluten proteins. Gluten proteins are found in wheat, barley, and rye. The immune system reacts poorly to these proteins and attacks the intestine on the consumption of gluten-containing foods. There isn’t any cure for celiac disease; only a strict diet can help control its symptoms. A doctor will assess whether you’re suffering from this condition by doing blood tests and taking medical history into account before making a diagnosis of Celiac Disease or not.

Risks of Celiac Disease

People who have a close relative with this disease may also develop it themselves, particularly children whose mothers suffer from the same condition during pregnancy. Also, people with different autoimmune diseases such as type 1 diabetes, thyroiditis, and Down syndrome are predisposed to get celiac disease. Pregnant women should be careful about their dietary intake because high levels of progesterone can induce false positives for antibodies that come after gluten ingestion in blood tests done to diagnose this disorder in pregnant women.

If there isn’t any appropriate treatment for either one of the conditions, the risk of diabetes getting worse for a person with celiac disease is 30 times higher than that of someone without this problem. In addition, there’s a connection between celiac disease and type 1 diabetes because one can cause the other or be triggered by it.

With proper diet and exercise, diabetics have a chance to live a long and healthy life. The same applies to people who suffer from celiac disease – they should avoid gluten-containing foods if they want to prevent different health problems from developing as time goes on.


Celiac disease is an autoimmune disorder that affects the gastrointestinal tract. It can cause a variety of symptoms with different severities and it has no cure, but there are ways to manage it through diet. In this article, we’ve covered the basics of celiac disease as well as its causes and symptoms so you know what to look out for if someone in your life suddenly develops these or other strange ailments related to their digestive system.

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